Note: This documentation is for an old version of the Gaborator. For the 2.1 documentation, click here.

Example 4: Measuring the Signal-to-Noise Ratio


This example measures the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the resynthesis by analyzing and resynthesizing a test signal and comparing the resynthesis result to the original.

Since it does not involve any audio file I/O, this example does not require the libsndfile library, making it the shortest and simplest one by far.


#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <random>
#include <gaborator/gaborator.h>

Amplitude Measurement

To calculate the signal-to-noise ratio, we need to measure the amplitude of the original signal and the error residue. We will use the root-mean-square amplitude, which is calculated by the function rms().

double rms(const std::vector<float> &v) {
    double sqsum = 0;
    for (size_t i = 0; i < v.size(); i++) {
        sqsum += v[i] * v[i];
    return sqrt(sqsum);

Main Program

For the test signal, we use a million samples of white noise with a uniform amplitude distribution between -1 and +1.

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
    size_t len = 1000000;
    std::vector<float> signal_in(len);
    std::minstd_rand rand;
    std::uniform_real_distribution<> uniform(-1.0, 1.0);
    for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++)
        signal_in[i] = uniform(rand);

Then we create a spectrum analyzer with 48 bands per octave and a frequency range of 3 decades (0.0005 to 0.5 times the sample rate):

    gaborator::parameters params(gaborator::log_fq_scale(48, 5e-4));
    gaborator::analyzer<float> analyzer(params);

...and run the spectrum analysis:

    gaborator::coefs<float> coefs(analyzer);
    analyzer.analyze(, 0, len, coefs);

...resynthesize the signal into signal_out:

    std::vector<float> signal_out(len);
    analyzer.synthesize(coefs, 0, len,;

...measure the resynthesis error:

    std::vector<float> error(len);
    for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++)
         error[i] = signal_out[i] - signal_in[i];

...calculate the signal-to-noise ratio:

    double snr = rms(signal_in) / rms(error);

...and print it in decibels:

    std::cout << std::fixed << std::setprecision(1) << 20 * log10(snr) << " dB\n";


Like Example 1, this example can be built using a one-line build command:

c++ -std=c++11 -I.. -O3 -ffast-math $(pkg-config --cflags sndfile) $(pkg-config --libs sndfile) -o snr

Or using the vDSP FFT on macOS:

c++ -std=c++11 -I.. -O3 -ffast-math -DGABORATOR_USE_VDSP $(pkg-config --cflags sndfile) $(pkg-config --libs sndfile) -framework Accelerate -o snr

Or using PFFFT (see Example 1 for how to download and build PFFFT):

c++ -std=c++11 -I.. -Ipffft -O3 -ffast-math -DGABORATOR_USE_PFFFT $(pkg-config --cflags sndfile) pffft/pffft.o pffft/fftpack.o $(pkg-config --libs sndfile) -o snr


The program is run with no arguments:


This will print the SNR which should be more than 100 dB when the library is working correctly.